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《英语二》自考真题试卷全真模拟题(三)

时间:2021-04-10 10:51点击:安徽自考助学网
第三部分:概括段落大意和补全句子(第 16~ 25 题,每题 1 分,共 10 分)
 
阅读下面短文,请完成短文后的 2 项测试试务:(1)从第 16~ 20 题后所给的 6 个选项中为第①~⑤段每段选择 1 个正确的小标题;(2)从第 21~25 题后所给的 6 个选项中选择 5 个正确选项,分别完成每个句子,请将所选项对应的字母写在答题卡上。
 
Why English?
 
① The English language is used by more people in the world than any other language today. This may seem surprising at first. After all, the population of English native speakers (mainly from United Kingdom, United States, Canada, Australia and 5New Zealand) is one of the smallest in the world. The total only comes to about 400 million, which is less than one-tenth of the population of the world. If we count all the English-speakers in India, Singapore and some other countries, that adds another 700 million to the total. Add all those people who speak English elsewhere and the total English-speaking population of the world comes to an impressive one and a half billion.
 
② Why is this? There is one important historical reason: the influence of the British Empire-the Empire that stretched across the globe. Although the Empire no longer exists, the English language is firmly rooted in its former colonies (殖民地) - in African, India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, the Far East, Australia, New Zealand, the Caribbean and North America.
 
③ Other important reasons for the spread of English language are economic. English is the language of international business and commerce. Also, most scientific and technological developments have been made by English-speaking societies. To keep up with such developments, to talk about them in international conferences, or write and read about them in scientific journals and books, scientists, scholars and students must be able to understand English.
 
④There is also a rather less obvious reason. English is the language af a popular culture. All over the globe, millions of young people listen to pop music and watch pop videos.The stars who perform in English are by far the most famous. Hundreds of American and British singers can be heard all over the world. English has become an international language.
 
⑤ English is well suited to this role. Unlike many other languages, it has a built-in flexibility(灵活性)that allows constant adaptation (改编)and assimilation (同化). In English, vocabulary from other languages is often used, new words and combinations of words can be coined(杜撰) easily, nouns can be turned into verbs and vice versa. Thus, what is correct in English is often, simply, what is accepted as appropriate and understandable by those who speak it, whether they are native or non-native speakers.
 
16. Paragraph ①:()
 
A: International conference and English language 6
 
B: Population of English speakers7
 
C: Economic development and English language
 
D: Flexibility and English language
 
E: Popular culture and English language
 
F: Colonized history and English language
 
17. Paragraph ②:()
 
A: International conference and English language
 
B: Population of English speakers
 
C: Economic development and English language
 
D: Flexibility and English language
 
E: Popular culture and English language
 
F: Colonized history and English language
 
18. Paragraph ③:()
 
A: International conference and English language
 
B: Population of English speakers
 
C: Economic development and English language
 
D: Flexibility and English language
 
E: Popular culture and English language
 
F: Colonized history and English language
 
19. Paragraph ④:()
 
A: International conference and English language
 
B: Population of English speakers
 
C: Economic development and English language
 
D: Flexibility and English language
 
E: Popular culture and English language
 
F: Colonized history and English language
 
20. Paragraph ⑤:()
 
A: International conference and English language
 
B: Population of English speakers
 
C: Economic development and English language8
 
D: Flexibility and English language
 
E: Popular culture and English language
 
F: Colonized history and English language
 
21. ( ) only comes to about 400 million.
 
A: English native speakers' English
 
B: The built-in flexibility of English
 
C: The total English-speaking population
 
D: Appropriate and understandable English
 
E: English pop music and videos
 
F: The population of English native speakers
 
22. ( ) comes to about one and a half billion around the world.
 
A: English native speakers' English
 
B: The built-in flexibility of English
 
C: The total English-speaking population
 
D: Appropriate and understandable English
 
E: English pop music and videos
 
F: The population of English native speakers
 
23. ( )
 
are popular among millions of young people around the world.
 
A: English native speakers' English
 
B: The built-in flexibility of English
 
C: The total English-speaking population
 
D: Appropriate and understandable English
 
E: English pop music and videos
 
F: The population of English native speakers
 
24. ( )makes new words and combinations of words coined easily.
 
A: English native speakers' English
 
B: The built-in flexibility of English
 
C: The total English-speaking population
 
D: Appropriate and understandable English9
 
E: English pop music and videos
 
F: The population of English native speakers
 
25. () is also considered as correct English.
 
A: English native speakers' English
 
B: The built-in flexibility of English
 
C: The total English-speaking population
 
D: Appropriate and understandable English
 
E: English pop music and videos
 
F: The population of English native speakers